TÄLTÄ SIVULTA LÖYDÄT:
In 2014, a total of 2.1 million mink, 2.2 million foxes and 134,000 Finnraccoons were farmed in Finland. Polecats are no longer farmed in Finland.
The fur animals are housed in shelter buildings or halls, where each animal has a specific place marked with a kit card. Shelter buildings are suitable for all fur animals, but halls are only used in mink farming. Animals are kept in their natural climate, and they can cope in the farm conditions well all year round.
The annual cycle
The annual cycle of a fur farm is divided into six periods based on the life cycle of animals and the tasks of the farmer.
Animals are mainly fed with fresh fur animal feed manufactured in feed centres, but some farmers make their feed themselves. The feed is administered using automatic machines or by absorbing into water and offered as fresh feed. The feed centres are covered by systematic monitoring and they have their own quality management system.
Fur production promotes the environment’s nutrient balance, as nutrients are efficiently recycled at fur farms. Annually, 50–100 tons of phosphorus is discharged into the environment from fur farms. On the other hand, more than 200 tons of phosphorus is removed from the sea every year with Baltic herring used in fur animal feed. This means that the overall impact is a reduction in the phosphorus levels and eutrophication of the sea.
Fur production is a significant employment provider in rural areas of Finland. In 2012, Pellervo Economic Research (PTT) estimated the direct employment impact of the fur industry. The estimate is based on various materials provided by Statistics Finland and MTT Agrifood Research Finland, as well as the actual financial statements of fur farms. According to PTT’s calculation, the direct employment impact of the fur industry adds up to approximately 4,300 person-years (2011 and 2012). However, a lot of seasonal employees are needed in the industry, so the number of people working in the fur industry is much higher than the person-year figure. The estimate addresses the direct employment impact of the fur industry from the viewpoint of fur farms, feed factories and Saga Furs. In addition, it accounts for employment resulting from the acquisition of production inputs (e.g. feed materials, services, transport, investment items).
Fur farmers operate independently without any state subsidies. It is important for producers to anticipate changes in markets and know precisely whether their production levels correspond to demand.
In Finland, fur animal breeding is based on systematic education and research of animal behaviour and welfare, as well as environmental issues related to fur farming. These efforts are in place to make sure that the farming methods deployed guarantee the best possible care for the animals.
Pälsnäringen har en väsentlig nationalekonomisk betydelse, framför allt regionalt men också på en nationell nivå.
Toppåret 2013 betalade näringen sammanlagt 57 miljoner euro i samfundsskatter och ännu i fjol 21 miljoner euro.
Till exempel Valio betalade år 2013 14,7 miljoner euro i samfundsskatt och Alko 12,4 miljoner euro.